He was held in jail for nineteen days, taken to court, charged with "an act of violence against a member of the German Army", and sentenced to death. The German officers enjoyed the Ritz, Maxim'sthe Coupole and other exclusive restaurants, as the exchange rate was fixed to favor the German occupiers. Meat could only be served on certain days, and certain products, such as cream, coffee and fresh produce were extremely rare.
Her husband, Maurice Goudeket, a Jew, was arrested by the Gestapo in Decemberand although he was released after a few months through the intervention of the French wife of the German ambassador Otto AbetzColette lived through the rest of the war years with the anxiety of a possible second arrest.
The German Army was respectful of the Hague Conventions of and and refused to transfer the works in French museums out of the country, but the Nazi leaders were not so scrupulous. Rationing and the Black Market[ edit ] Line outside a Paris bakery in spring They were chased away by the police. Rationing of food, tobacco, coal and clothing was imposed from September On June 8, the sound of distant artillery fire could be heard in the capital.
InMaurice Chevalier performed a new revue in the Casino de Paris: Only one, Paul Didierrefused. Some saw the Germans as an easy source of money; others, as the Prefect of the Seine, Roger Langeron arrested on 23 Junecommented, "looked at them as if they were invisible or transparent. More than four hundred crates of art works were brought to the Jeu de Paume by Luftwaffe personnel, unpacked and cataloged.
Later many of these trucks were cleverly sabotaged by the French workers, who recalibrated the dip sticks so that the trucks would run out of oil without notice. Under the slogan "Jeder einmal in Paris" "everyone once in Paris"each German soldier was promised one visit to Paris.
Nonetheless, the restaurants found ways to serve their regular clients. In search of the treasure, the house was carefully demolished inbut no trace of it was ever found. Arrests continued in and The Gestapo began visiting bank vaults and empty residences, and collecting the works of art.
Three thousand five hundred buses had run on the Paris streets inbut only five hundred were still running in the autumn of The liberation did not end the food shortages. At the time of the Liberation of Paris in Augustmost of its members chose to fight alongside the Germans and many of them made their way to Germany Sigmaringen when Paris fell to the Allies. He was accompanied by the German sculptor Arno Breker and by his chief architect, Albert Speerboth of whom had lived in Paris and guided his tour.
Rendez-vous au Casino de Paris. par Caterina Valente
Picasso so confused them with his descriptions of ownership of the paintings that they left without taking anything. Luftwaffe officers on the Metro Bundesarchiv Horse-drawn coaches in front of the National Assembly, decorated with slogan: Between April and July4, cases of art works filling boxcars, were shipped from Paris to Germany.
Restaurants[ edit ] Paris restaurants were open but had to deal with strict regulations and shortages. Unknown The most notorious criminal of the period aside from the Nazis and their collaborators was Doctor Marcel Petiot. They were followed by several German columns, which, following an established plan, moved to the principal intersections.
He refused but did perform for French prisoners of war in Germany, and succeeded in obtaining the liberation of ten prisoners in exchange.
In September, a new organization, the Reichsleiter Rosenberg Taskforce Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg was created to catalog and store the art. Spring Imperial War Museums, U.
The actress Danielle Darrieux made a tour to Berlin, in exchange for the liberation of her husband, Porfirio Rubirosaa Dominican diplomat suspected of espionage. The Germans had transferred the authority over the coal mines of northern France from Paris to their military headquarters in Brussels.
Thousands of Parisians regularly made the long journey by bicycle to the countryside, hoping to come back, with vegetables, pepperonis gambling raid, eggs and other farm products. Bicycles became the means of transport for many Parisians, and their price soared; a used bicycle cost a month's salary.
Its active collaborationist police was known as the Milice, whose members, above, swear allegiance to the organization. Signs in German were placed on the main boulevards, and the clocks of Paris were reset to Berlin time.